Types of Box Trucks: A Comprehensive Guide

Imagine a world without types of box trucks. It would be a world where transporting goods from one location to another would be a logistical nightmare. Thanks to the versatility and efficiency of box trucks, businesses can easily and securely transport a variety of goods, from furniture to perishables, making these vehicles an indispensable part of many industries. Let’s delve into the world of types of box trucks and explore what makes them the preferred choice for many businesses.

Exploring the Diversity of Box Truck Types

Box trucks, commonly referred to as ‘straight trucks’, come in a variety of types, each with unique features and capabilities that cater to different transportation needs. From the compact size of a small box truck to the robustness of a heavy-duty truck, the diversity of box truck types addresses the varying demands of industries and businesses alike.

Light Duty Box Trucks: The Small Efficient Workhorses

As a practical choice for transporting lighter-weight items, the light-duty box truck, also known as a small box truck, excels in tasks such as short-distance hauling and less-than-truckload deliveries. Its carrying capacity ranges from 6,000 to 14,000 pounds and is well-suited for industries including moving companies, storage facilities, parcel delivery services, food delivery services, furniture companies, and appliance companies.

Moreover, the superior fuel efficiency of light-duty trucks compared to their heavy-duty counterparts positions them as an economical option for certain business operations and delivery needs.

Medium Duty Box Trucks: The Balance of Performance and Capacity

With carrying capacities ranging from 14,000 to 26,000 pounds, medium-duty box trucks present a balanced proposition in terms of performance and capacity. Unlike specialized commercial trucks such as dump trucks, designed for specific tasks like transporting loose materials, medium-duty box trucks are versatile and suitable for various transportation needs.

These trucks are commonly equipped with diesel engines, providing an optimal combination of power and fuel efficiency.

Heavy Duty Box Trucks: For Maximum Hauling Power

Heavy-duty box trucks emerge as the preferred choice for operations that demand maximum hauling power. With a carrying capacity of over 26,000 pounds, these trucks are well-suited for transporting heavy equipment over long distances. Their enclosed cargo spaces protect contents from the elements, contributing to increased productivity and flexibility in pickup and delivery.

Heavy-duty box trucks feature:

  • Resilient diesel engines
  • A variety of size options
  • Effective fuel efficiency
  • Advanced safety features
  • Ergonomic cabins tailored for long-distance efficiency and operator comfort.

Specialty Box Trucks: Tailored for Unique Industry Demands

Specialty box trucks step in as the optimal solution for industries with distinct demands. These trucks are designed with specific features that cater to the unique requirements of certain industries. They include refrigerated trucks for temperature-sensitive cargo and utility trucks for field service operations.

standard box truck

Standard Box Trucks

Standard box trucks are the backbone of many industries, extending their versatility to a myriad of transportation needs. These trucks are often characterized by their enclosed cubed cargo area attached to a cab, making them ideal for transporting a wide variety of goods securely. Its standard size range offers an impressive carrying capacity of roughly 12,500 to 33,000 pounds, capable of handling both light and heavy loads. Equipped with robust engines and comfortable cabin space, standard box trucks promise a reliable and convenient transportation solution for businesses. Whether it's a local delivery or long haul, the standard box truck is designed to cater to diverse cargo transport requirements, solidifying its place as a preferred choice for many enterprises.

refrigerator box truck

Refrigerated Box Trucks

Refrigerated box trucks play a vital role in transporting perishable goods, ensuring their freshness and quality. These specialized trucks are equipped with advanced temperature control systems and top-notch insulation, meticulously designed to maintain optimal conditions during transit. With temperature ranges typically set between 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F), these refrigerated trucks provide an ideal environment for a diverse range of perishable goods, including fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and more. By safeguarding the integrity of these goods throughout the journey, refrigerated box trucks significantly contribute to the efficiency and reliability of the entire supply chain, making them indispensable for industries involved in perishable transportation.


Utility Box Trucks

In contrast, utility box trucks are specifically designed to meet the unique needs of field service operations. These versatile trucks come equipped with strategically placed compartments that offer ample storage for tools and equipment. With their robust chassis, utility box trucks are built to withstand the demands of various industries, ensuring durability and reliability even in the harshest conditions. The multiple storage compartments of these trucks provide convenient and organized access to tools and supplies, which is crucial for industries such as construction, landscaping, waste management, and utility services. Whether it's carrying heavy-duty construction tools or transporting landscaping equipment, utility box trucks are thoughtfully designed with functionality in mind, making them an indispensable asset for businesses operating in these sectors.

flat bed box truck

Flatbed Box Trucks

Flatbed box trucks offer a unique advantage for industries that require the transportation of large, heavy, or irregularly shaped goods. These trucks feature an open and flat bed at the back with no roof or sides, offering easier load and unload capabilities from all angles. Commonly used in construction, landscaping, and farming industries, flatbed box trucks are designed to carry heavy machinery, oversized items, and materials that wouldn’t easily fit in enclosed trucks. The lack of walls or a roof allows for flexibility in cargo size and shape, and the accessibility from all sides can result in decreased load and unload times. This flexibility and efficiency make them an essential asset in many industry operations.


Landscaping Box Trucks

Landscaping box trucks are another indispensable variant in the world of box trucks, designed specifically to meet the demands of the landscaping industry. These vehicles often feature a closed box for safely storing tools and other landscaping equipment, along with an open bed in the rear for transporting larger items such as trees or bulk materials. Some landscaping box trucks further enhance their utility by including features such as ramp systems for easy loading and unloading of heavy equipment, and customizable storage compartments for efficient organization of tools. This combination of storage flexibility, secure transportation, and easy access to equipment make landscaping box trucks an invaluable asset for landscaping businesses.

Understanding Box Truck Specifications and Capacities

A variety of dimensions and specifications exist for box trucks. The following provides more specific information on the length, width, height, cubic feet of storage, vehicle capacity, and number of seats for each of the sizes listed:

  • 10-Foot Box Truck: Spanning a length of 10 feet, a width of approximately 5 feet, and a height of around 6 feet, this compact truck offers about 400 cubic feet of storage. With a vehicle capacity of approximately 2,850 lbs, it typically accommodates two seats.
  • 12-Foot Box Truck: This truck, with a length of 11.8 feet, a width of 8 feet, and a height of 7 feet, provides approximately 450 cubic feet of storage. It can carry around 3,100 lbs and generally has seating for two.
  • 14-Foot Box Truck: Measuring 14 feet in length, approximately 9 feet in width, and around 7 feet in height, this medium-sized truck offers about 700 cubic feet of storage. Its vehicle capacity comes to roughly 3,500 lbs, and it usually includes two seats.
  • 16-Foot Box Truck: This larger truck, measuring 16 feet in length, about 9.5 feet in width, and 8 feet in height, provides approximately 800 cubic feet of storage. It can handle a load of about 4,300 lbs and typically comes with two seats.
  • 20-Foot Box Truck: Spanning a length of 20 feet, a width of roughly 8.5 feet, and a height of around 8.5 feet, this sizeable truck offers about 1,000 cubic feet of storage. With a vehicle capacity of approximately 5,500 lbs, it usually has three seats.
  • 24-Foot Box Truck: This truck, with a length of 24 feet 6 inches, a width of 8 feet 6 inches, and a height of 8 feet 6.5 inches, provides approximately 1,350 cubic feet of storage. It can carry around 10,000 lbs and generally has seating for three.
  • 26-Foot Box Truck: Measuring 26 feet 7 inches in length, approximately 8 feet 6 inches in width, and around 8 feet 6.5 inches in height, this large truck offers about 1,700 cubic feet of storage. Its vehicle capacity comes to roughly 12,000 lbs, and it usually includes three seats.

Popular Box Truck Models

  • Ford F-550/F-650: Ford's F-Series models are a popular choice for box trucks. The F-550 provides a 16,000-50,000 lb GVWR while the F-650 is great for larger loads up to 26,000-30,000 lbs. Both are highly customizable.
  • Freightliner M2 106/114: These conventional cab trucks offer a smooth ride and maneuverability. The M2 106 handles up to 23,500 lbs for bigger jobs. The lighter 114 is good for 14,050-19,500 lbs. Lots of versatility.
  • International CV Series: The CV 4700 and 5600 provide outstanding reliability and uptime to keep businesses moving. These trucks range from Class 5 to 7 with max payloads of 19,500 to 37,000+ pounds. Easy to upfit the back.
  • Isuzu NPR HD/XD: Isuzu's diesel trucks are known for their efficiency and low cost of ownership. The NPR HD takes care of lighter 14,500 lb loads. For more capacity, the NPR XD services 19,500 GVWR jobs as a great value.

When spec'ing out a new box truck, be sure to consider factors like desired payload capacity, truck dimensions, chassis options, maneuverability needs, and budget. Consulting with a commercial dealership is also advised to find the optimum box truck.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Box Trucks

What is the typical price of a box truck?

Box truck prices can vary greatly depending on several factors, including its size, condition (new or used), make, model, and any additional features or specialized equipment it may have. Generally, new light-duty box trucks can range from around $30,000 to $50,000, while heavy-duty models can escalate to well over $100,000. Used box trucks, on the other hand, can be significantly cheaper, starting as low as $10,000 to $20,000 for light-duty models. Given the wide price range, it's advisable to conduct thorough research or consult with a commercial dealership to find a box truck that fits your budget and operational needs.

What industries typically use utility box trucks?

Utility box trucks - also referred to as service trucks - find widespread use across various industries such as construction, landscaping, waste management, and utility services. These versatile vehicles boast a robust chassis and are equipped with multiple storage compartments, offering ample space to efficiently store and organize a diverse array of tools and equipment. From heavy machinery to specialized gear, utility box trucks provide the convenience and effectiveness required to tackle any job with ease and precision. Whether it involves transporting construction materials, maintaining landscapes, managing waste, or delivering vital utility services, these trucks serve as reliable workhorses, ensuring tasks are accomplished with utmost efficiency and effectiveness.

When should I consider a cargo van instead of a box truck?

If your business operations involve regular short-distance deliveries or services, like local couriers, repair services, or small-scale retail deliveries, a cargo van may provide more efficiency when transporting smaller-sized cargo. These vehicles offer better maneuverability in city traffic and are easier to park in tight spaces. They also provide adequate cargo space for smaller loads, and their fuel efficiency often surpasses that of larger box trucks. However, if your operations involve transporting larger, heavier loads over long distances, or require specialized features such as refrigeration, a box truck may be the better choice. Always consider the specifics of your logistical needs, cost-effectiveness, and operational efficiency when deciding between a cargo van and a box truck.

How can I choose the right box truck for my needs?

Selecting the appropriate box truck relies on several crucial factors, including payload capacity requirements, truck dimensions, available chassis options, and budget considerations. It is highly recommended to seek guidance from a commercial dealership to ensure the optimal choice.